Thinking about display and design at the Smithsonian

Guest post by Robert C. Post

Bob Post 1On the dust jacket of my book, Who Owns America’s Past, there is a blurb from Dr. Deborah Douglas, Director of Collections at the MIT Museum and a marvelous historian. Debbie calls it “part history, part memoir, and part polemic,” and I’ve had to admit that she “got” my book in a way I never intended. The book addresses ways in which the Smithsonian Institution—in particular the Museum of American History and the National Air and Space Museum—has put artifacts on display, and on that basis it can also be separated into three parts, in a way I fully intended. The conventions for exhibits are categorized under three different headings. First, there are exhibits of one particular type of artifact that are collections-driven—a Hall of Horology, Railroad Hall (pictured above), and so on. When artifacts are small, such as clocks and watches, there may be dozens or hundreds of them arrayed in display cases. When they are large, as with locomotives, one or two of them may dominate an entire exhibit hall by their dramatic presence.

Bob Post 2Then, there are exhibits that can be called story-driven, often with names like the titles of books—We the People, Suiting Everyone, A Nation of Nations (pictured right). In conceiving such exhibits, a narrative is developed first, and artifacts of many different kinds are then deployed like illustrations in a book. Sometimes the techniques of exhibit design, such as dramatic lighting, are as striking as the artifacts themselves.

Finally, there are exhibits that are best called postmodern. A pioneering example of this, The Henry R. Luce Hall of News Reporting (pictured below). Here, “real” artifacts are intermixed with “props,” and together they are exhibited in whatever historical context seems to offer the most potential for immersing an audience in some sort of “experience.” Can’t you hear the sculpted newsboy calling, “Extra! Extra! Read all about it!”?

Bob Post 3In postmodern exhibitry, “realities” are constructed from an array of storytelling possibilities; they are like a literal reading of historian Hayden White’s remark that “any historical object can sustain a number of equally plausible descriptions or narratives of its processes.”

It is tempting to cast these three kinds of exhibits in an evolutionary sequence, from spare taxonomies with only one tale to tell, to the collaborative inventions of storytellers (curators) and dramatists (designers) selecting from many possible options. Even today, however, the Smithsonian still stages collections-driven exhibits, one reason being that the other two types are much more expensive to mount. Both are design-intensive, and postmodern exhibits also involve costly elements of “experience”—sound, fury, electromechanical interactives. Exhibits of this type are almost always a product of “outside” funding, corporate or institutional. Are we to assume, then, that they may harbor some sort of “spin,” to the order of donors? Would The Henry R. Luce Hall have feature Time and Life at the expense of Newsweek and Look?

Or, coming up to date, would The General Motors Hall of Transportation do more with Chevrolets than with Fords? Actually, it does not; to assume otherwise would be mistaken. But another assumption, that collections-driven exhibits are somehow more certain to be “objective,” this is also mistaken. Something exhibited even in the most unadorned fashion—the old locomotive all by itself, say—is being affirmed: People are being told that this is worthy of being “in the Smithsonian,” and it is worth celebrating. So, back to Dr. Douglas’s blurb and the characterization of my book as “part polemic.” This refers largely to the artifact on the cover—the Enola Gay, the B-29 from which an atomic bomb was loosed on Hiroshima in 1945. Fifty years later, when the Smithsonian planned to display the Enola Gay, it seemed that there were two “equally plausible” narratives. One of them would include evidence of what happened on the ground: melted watches and lunchboxes, total ruination, ghastly photos. The other would be limited to the airplane itself as a technological marvel. It was the latter narrative that won out after a wrenching political dispute, and the way it is presently displayed. My distress about this is why I can now understand Debbie’s three part assessment, ending with “part polemic.”

Bob Post received his Ph.D. from UCLA in 1973, and then was employed by the Smithsonian for twenty-three years, as a technician, historian, editor, and exhibit curator. Exhibits are the subject of his latest book from Johns Hopkins University Press, Who Owns America’s Past? The Smithsonian and the Problem of History. Pictured in the photos above, showing off exhibits for which they were responsible, are two of his most esteemed colleagues: Jack White (with the locomotive), also an prizewinning Johns Hopkins author, and Peter Marzio (with the newsboy), who followed his Smithsonian tenure with a distinguished career as director of the Houston Art Museum. A note of clarification: The Museum of American History opened in 1964 as the Museum of History and Technology; the name-change took place in 1980.


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Filed under American History, American Studies, D.C., History of technology, Popular Culture, Washington

Henry Clay Folger’s Greatest Honor

Guest post by Stephen H. Grant

A century ago, in 1914, Henry Folger received an honorary Doctorate of Letters from Amherst College. The citation read: “Henry Clay Folger, a graduate of this college in 1879, called to the bar in due course, called by ability, by character, by efficiency, integrity and the confidence of men in his judgment to the widest fields and the highest posts in leading and guiding the industrial development of the land; a collector of the largest assemblage yet known of the editions and the literature of the greatest dramatist, gathered with learning, watchful care and studious pains; owner of 49 copies of the first folio edition of the plays of Shakespeare, a priceless and unexampled field for comparative research. I ask you alike for his services in the affairs of a great empire of industry whose produce is on every sea and its light on all lands and for his knowledge in the most important field known in English literature to confer upon him the degree of Doctor of Letters.”

Grant Fig 30

Emily Jordan Folger wearing her purple Amherst hood in the reading room of the Folger Shakespeare Library in 1932. She gazes at the Frank O. Salisbury portrait of her husband, Henry Clay Folger, in the same hood.

Another awardee at the ceremony was ex-President William Howard Taft, who received an honorary Doctor of Laws Degree. Who was observing the two eminent gentlemen enter the motor vehicle headed for a banquet following the exercises? Folger was five feet four and weighed 115 lbs. Taft was six feet tall and weighed 335 lbs. Inside, Dr. Taft leaned over and said mischievously to Dr. Folger, “Forty-nine Folios? We have the fiftieth at Yale.” Founder of the University’s Elizabethan Club, Yale alumnus Alexander S. Cochran donated to the Club a Shakespeare First Folio in 1911.

In picking Folger for an honorary degree, Amherst got it right. Folger had climbed to the top of two vastly different fields: the petroleum industry and Shakespeare collection. To have accomplished either one would have been a prodigious undertaking. By 1914, Folger was president of Standard Oil Company of New York, which later became Mobil Corporation. His Shakespeare collection then included forty-nine First Folios, all different in some way. Before he died in 1930, Folger had acquired eighty-two copies of the Bard’s 1623 collected dramatic works published posthumously in London.

Folger wrote Amherst trustee, Talcott Williams, “I wish to thank you from the bottom of my heart for this the greatest honor of my life.” He wrote his pastor, S. Parkes Cadman, “It was most unexpected, but the greatest possible honor. Amherst gives few degrees. You will be amused at the basis for conferring it; it was not all Shakespeare.” From Pocantico Hills, New York, came this tongue-in-cheek accolade: “I congratulate you upon receiving the degree, and that your connection with a great and useful business organization did not detract from your high standing,” signed John D. Rockefeller.

Henry Clay Folger died in 1930 without having seen a stone of the Folger Shakespeare Library built or his entire collection assembled in the nation’s capital across the street from the Library of Congress. His wife, Emily, took over the decision making responsibilities and was present to turn over the keys of the Library to the chairman of the Amherst trustees on Shakespeare’s 368th birthday, April 23, 1932.

Later that year, Amherst College bestowed on Emily a degree with this citation: “Emily Clara Jordan, graduate of Vassar College, through many years the enthusiastic, tireless, and discriminating companion of Henry Clay Folger in the collection of a unique library of the works of Shakespeare; generous benefactress of Amherst College and of the lovers of letters throughout the whole world; the degree which 18 years ago Amherst College appropriately bestowed upon your husband it now, with the same hood as symbol, confers upon you, as I create you a Doctor of Letters.” It was a triumphant yet bittersweet moment for Emily Jordan Folger.

grant.collectingStephen H. Grant is the author of Collecting Shakespeare: The Story of Henry and Emily Folgerpublished by Johns Hopkins. He is a senior fellow at the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training and the author of Peter Strickland: New London Shipmaster, Boston Merchant, First Consul to Senegal.

Meet Steve Grant on October 23 at the Oliver Wolcott Library in Litchfield, CT; on November 8 at the National Press in Washington, DC; and on December 1 at the Central Library in Arlington, VA.  For more information, visit Steve’s website.


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Filed under American History, Biography, D.C., Literature, Press Events, Shakespeare

A Marsh is Born

By Vincent J. Burke, executive editor

A hawk went aloft, stealing everyone’s attention. It was a familiar scene for the speaker, a wildlife manager whose back was turned to the soaring bird. You could see the slight smile form on his face as he recognized the failed attempts of the rows of seated listeners to conceal their interest. “What’s the bird behind me?” he asked as laughter broke out. It was a solemn day in the middle of one of the most rural parts of upper New York State, and the humor was fresh on the heels of suppressed tears.

Baldassarre_Marsh2We were gathered under the only structure in sight, a large tent staked on some dry ground adjacent to the marshlands of the Northern Montezuma Wildlife Management Area. This is where Professor Guy Baldassarre used to arrive with a bus full of ornithology students from the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Guy was missing, and this ceremony was part of an ongoing effort to remember him. On this day we would dedicate a marsh restoration project that would be named in his memory. “Guy’s Marsh” is in the early stages of restoration, but within a few short years this abandoned farm field will fill with water and shelter and feed thousands of resident and migrating waterfowl.

baldasserre-box-no-angleWhat struck me most on this day can be put into a word: collaboration. This was Guy’s specialty, his hallmark: collaborating and getting others to do the same. Under the tent, people from California, Florida, and dozens of other places were assembled. The audience was speckled with representatives of Ducks Unlimited, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, New York’s Department of Environmental Conservation, and too many other groups to mention. Friends of Montezuma stood behind a small table that displayed copies of Guy’s posthumously published masterpiece, Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America. They were all here because they had raised funds for the marsh restoration, or had helped Guy as he wrote his book, or had somehow worked with him on behalf of birds and wildlife habitat.

When Guy’s wife, Eileen, spoke you could sense a marriage built on collaboration. When speakers told of the way in which large and small donations flowed in to rebuild the marsh, one was struck by the diversity of sources. Guy’s book itself was a collaboration that involved the Wildlife Management Institute, photographers, students, and scores of waterfowl groups and experts. After his death, one of these waterfowl experts had to guide Guy’s book through copyediting. Sue Sheaffer dedicated herself to those thousands of hours of doing what Guy would have insisted upon: double-checking everything.

Everything—the marsh, the book, the students, the friendships, the bonds—all somehow centered on Guy’s infectious enthusiasm for birds. It wasn’t just the enjoyment birds bring to us, or satisfying our curiosity about them; it was Guy’s recognition that birds need champions in this modern world. Out at Guy’s Marsh, looking around at the dedicated heirs of Dr. Baldassarre’s legacy, I got the sense the world was going to be a better place for birds because Guy spent decades teaching us, by example, how to collaborate on their behalf.

Editor’s note: To read Dr. Mike Schummer’s remembrance of Guy Baldassarre—the man, the book, and the marsh, click here.



Executive Editor Vincent J. Burke, PhD, acquires books in science and mathematics for the JHU Press; follow him on Twitter at @VBurke2.



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Filed under Biology, Birds, Conservation, For Everyone, General Science, Life Science, ornithology

The Big Bang Theory

Guest post by Don Lincoln

The Big Bang Theory is a fun show. It follows the lives of four geeky and quirky scientists who are too improbable to be true. Howard is an engineer and lives with his overbearing mother. Raj is an astrophysicist who is afraid to talk to girls. Sheldon is a theoretical physicist and socially dysfunctional. Leonard is the most normal of the four and is, of course an experimental physicist. This makes perfect sense, as we experimenters tend to be on the normal end of the spectrum.

This is not to say that there aren’t some of us actual scientists who are idiosyncratic. For instance, every physicist I know claims to know someone like Sheldon. (Of course, nobody I knows is willing to own up to being the Sheldon-like person.)

While the show is about scientists, it is very little about science itself. There is a danger in that, in that it gives non-scientists a skewed idea of the life of scientists. In fact, one of my main complaints about the show is the degree to which it reinforces the idea of the scientist as a socially-inept geek. The show also depicts its women characters in stereotypical ways, with Penny, the shapely, but dumb, and socially-savvy blonde; Amy, the sexually frustrated female counterpart to the clueless Sheldon; and Bernadette, the very pretty microbiologist with an annoying voice.

Of course, none of these liberties with stereotypes means that the show isn’t funny. It’s frequently a stitch. It’s just not any more realistic than, say Sex in the City or any of the various CSI shows.

With all that in mind, one can watch episodes with a knowing eye and appreciate the writers’ wit. In “The Codpiece Topology,” for example, the episode in which Leonard and his then-girlfriend Leslie break up over their positions on quantum gravity: superstrings or loop quantum gravity? The disagreement is a deal breaker for Leslie. “How we will raise the children?,” she cries. While there are no doubt passionate advocates of both approaches to bridging gravity and quantum mechanics, I am unaware of any actual relationships that have foundered over the divide.

The depiction of the hotel rooms at CERN (complete with the Matterhorn in the window) is a little more elegant than the reality. (I’ve stayed in college dorms which are more comfortable.) But the scientific energy that surrounds CERN makes any accommodations, no matter how Spartan, totally worth it.

The depiction of the hotel rooms at CERN (complete with the Matterhorn in the window) is a little more elegant than the reality. (I’ve stayed in college dorms which are more comfortable.) But the scientific energy that surrounds CERN makes any accommodations, no matter how Spartan, totally worth it.

Then there is the episode “The Large Hadron Collision,” in which Leonard is invited to go to CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, and is allowed to bring a companion. The story revolves around who he should bring: his girlfriend Penny or his roommate Sheldon. Visiting CERN is depicted as being an honor, like being asked to give an invited talk at a prestigious conference or institute. In fact, for someone like Leonard, visiting CERN should be rather common. My own experimental physicist postdocs go there several times a year. Without a doubt, CERN is a scientifically-intoxicating place, but unusual it is not. One particularly funny part of the episode involves the hotel room in which Leonard will stay during his visit. The fiction is quite a bit different from the reality, as you can see in the attached picture in which I show both the room from the episode and my own room at the CERN hostel. (Although I do think the CERN management should consider making some changes . . . a four poster bed would be just lovely.)

The show The Big Bang Theory is a smashing success and its success hinges on having good writers and funny actors with excellent chemistry. Just realize that the characters really are caricatures of scientists. There are no Sheldons in physics. Well . . . except for that guy a couple of doors down . . .



Don Lincoln is a senior scientist at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and an adjunct professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame. He is the author of The Large Hadron Collider: The Extraordinary Story of the Higgs Boson and Other Stuff That Will Blow Your Mind, Alien Universe: Extraterrestrials in Our Minds and in the Cosmos, and The Quantum Frontier: The Large Hadron Collider, all published by Johns Hopkins.

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by | October 13, 2014 · 10:00 am

October events include the dedication of “Guy’s Marsh” in honor of Guy Baldassarre

The JHU Press October events calendar features the launch of the Healthy Living Series at Baltimore’s Ivy Bookshop, a program with the Johns Hopkins Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences for our new biography of pioneering psychiatrist Adolf Meyer, and book events in Montreal and Cincinnati.  A poignant and memorable event will be the dedication on Saturday, October 11, of a portion of the Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge in honor of the late Guy Baldassarre, whose  revised edition of the waterfowl classic Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America was recently published by JHU Press.  We extend our best wishes to Guy’s family, friends, and colleagues. As always, we invite you to help spread the word about this month’s calendar.

Sunrise over a well-managed marsh at Northern Montezuma Wildlife Management Area

Sunrise over a well-managed marsh at Northern Montezuma Wildlife Management Area

11 October 2014, 2:00 p.m.
Guy’s Marsh Dedication

Honoring JHUP author Guy Baldassarre
Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge
3395 US Route 20
Seneca Falls, New York 13148

On Saturday, October 11th, from 2:00–3.30 p.m., the Friends of Montezuma Wetlands Complex will dedicate “Guy’s Marsh” in honor of Guy Baldassarre. Baldassarre revised the waterfowl classic Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America, which was just published by JHU Press. The blog post describing Guy, his work, the book, and the marsh is available here on the JHU Press Blog.

Details of the event are available here from the Friends of Montezuma Wetlands Complex.

Matters_of_Fact_in_Jane_Austen11 October 2014, 2:00 p.m.
Book Talk & Signing
Janine Barchas
Matters of Fact in Jane Austen: History, Location, and Celebrity
Jane Austen Society of North America
Montreal, Canada

Information: Jane Austen Society of North America


Living_Hell11 October 2014, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.
Book Signing
Michael C. C. Adams
Living Hell: The Dark Side of the Civil War
Cincinnati USA Book Festival
Duke Energy Convention Center
Cincinnati, OH

Admission: Free; visit the festival for more information.

16-19 October 2014
JHU Press Exhibit
American Society for Bioethics and Humanities
San Diego, CA
Information: Annual Meeting

Renegade_Amish21 October 2014, 7:30 p.m.
Talk & Book Signing
Donald B. Kraybill
Renegade Amish: Beard Cutting, Hate Crimes,
and the Trial of the Bergholz Barbers
The Young Center at Elizabethtown College
Gibble Auditorium, Esbenshade Hall
Elizabethtown, PA

Information: Visit the Young Center online.

27-29 October 2014
JHU Press Exhibit
The Wildlife Society
Pittsburgh, PA
Information: Annual Meeting

29 October 2014, 7:00 p.m.
BookPathologist Talk & Signing
S. D. Lamb
Pathologist of the Mind: Adolf Meyer and the Origins of American Psychiatry
Albert Owen Auditorium
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Baltimore, MD

The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and JHU Press co-host a reception and discussion celebrating the publication of Pathologist of the Mind: Adolf Meyer and the Origins of American Psychiatry. A panel discussionn of the book features S. D. Lamb, Paul McHugh, Ray DePaulo, Phillip Slavney, Meg Chisolm, and Frank Mondimore. The reception will feature a display of materials from the Adolf Meyer Collection of the Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives, the official repository of the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.

Admission: Free; R.S.V.P. by October 24 to or 410-516-7902.

The Ivy Bookshop Healthy Living Series

Generic29 October 2014, 7:00 pm
Book Talk & Signing
Jeremy A. Greene
“Generic Drugs: What you should know about their surprising history and use”
The Ivy Bookshop
6080 Falls Road
Baltimore, MD 21209

The Ivy Bookshop Healthy Living Series kicks off with a talk by the author of Generic: The Unbranding of Modern Medicine. The series is is sponsored by The Ivy Bookshop, the JHU Press, and the Johns Hopkins Healthy Living Program. Read more about this program on the Ivy event calendar.  The Ivy’s Healthy Living Series continues in November with JHUP authors Frank Mondimore, John Burton, and Dan Morhaim.

Admission: Free

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Filed under Baldassarre, Book talks, Guy's Marsh, Press Events

The Curtis National Hand Center Webcast

Guest post by E. F. Shaw Wilgis, M.D.

The Curtis National Hand Center, originally led by Dr. Raymond Curtis and three of his colleagues, was founded in a trailer on a porch of Union Memorial Hospital in 1975. This trailer, which housed a rudimentary therapy and rehabilitation unit, effectively married clinical treatment with the post-treatment therapy and rehabilitation so desperately needed by patients to restore the function of their hands.

The rehabilitation section of the Curtis National Hand Center now houses fifteen therapists and rehabilitation specialists, as well as a social worker who attends to the psychological needs of patients who have lost some function of their hands.

Our hand surgery training program began with one hand fellow. Now, it produces five completely trained hand specialists each year utilizing the comprehensive knowledge of fourteen hand surgery experts on the clinical faculty.

A Hand Center Research Division was the last component to complete the build-out of the Curtis National Hand Center. Several key projects have added to the hand treatment knowledge tree for the care of the hand compromised by trauma, arthritis, and other conditions affecting hand function.

The following webcast features five hand surgeons and one hand therapist. Together, they discuss advances in treatment. They also answer questions from the audience. This webcast complements our book, The Wonder of the Human Hand: Care and Repair of the Body’s Most Marvelous Instrument, which was written for the general audience by hand specialists from the Curtis National Hand Center.


wilgis E. F. Shaw Wilgis, M.D., is one of the founding members of the Curtis National Hand Center, where he served as chief from 1983 to 2000 and research director from 2000 to 2013. He is the author of Vascular Injuries and Diseases of the Upper Limb.

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by | October 8, 2014 · 12:52 pm

When War Intruded into MS Research

Guest post by Anthony Feinstein

I am a clinician scientist and my primary research interest focuses on behavioral changes secondary to multiple sclerosis. Using structural and functional MRI, I search for brain changes that help explain cognitive dysfunction and depression, both commonly found in people with MS. So what has this to do with war? The answer relates to a patient who was referred my clinic at the turn of the millennium. She was a woman in her early forties who had presented in the ER with the sudden onset of signs and symptoms suggesting a stroke. She had difficulty speaking, was unresponsive to commands, and demonstrated limb weakness. Investigations, including detailed brain imaging, failed to reveal the lesion, and certain atypical clinical features that became apparent with time pointed to a different diagnosis, namely conversion disorder (formerly called hysteria). To cut to the chase, psychotherapy proved curative, the symptoms resolved, and the history that emerged after she had regained her speech revealed she was a war journalist who had experienced a rapid sequence of life threatening, traumatic events while covering a civil war-related famine in East Africa. She had never spoken of her distress while out in the field. It was only on her return to Canada and her subsequent emotional collapse that the degree of her sadness and despair became apparent.

She proved to be a fascinating patient whose profession had given her a ringside seat as history unfolded. Much as she loved her work, however, it was clear that it came with a considerable psychological cost. This observation sparked my curiosity and got me thinking about how frontline journalists as a profession coped with the grave dangers that came with war reporting. A quick search of the trauma literature revealed something surprising: not a single publication on the topic. To be sure, there was an extensive literature on veterans, police, firefighters, and victims of rape and physical assault, but nothing on war journalists. To come across a void like this in the psychological literature is, to put it mildly, unusual. Data abhors a vacuum, so I wrote a grant application and received funding from the Washington-based Freedom Forum. Eighteen months later, I was able to answer my question: war journalists were a resilient group, but resilience did not always confer immunity to psychological illness. Rates of PTSD and depression were significantly elevated relative to the general population and to colleagues who confined themselves to local reportage.

My findings were published in the American Journal of Psychiatry. The New York Times ran a story on the study, and I went back to my MS work. In reality, I had never really left it; fascinating as the war journalism study was, it had always been an addendum to my MS research. But, as any researcher knows, new data always ask new questions. No sooner had the war journalism data been filed way than the attacks of 9/11 occurred. How did domestic journalists, those who had made a decision to stay away from war and the bang-bang, cope when terror paid a home visit? A second study was needed and duly completed. And then came the invasion of Iraq and the question of how journalists embedded with the military fared compared to those who remained independent. A third study answered this question, which in turn begged another, this time focusing on those journalists who both lived and worked in zones of conflict. In this case, I completed a study of Mexican journalists, which revealed how their psychological health was being undermined by the drug cartels targeting their families. No sooner was this study completed than Lara Logan, the CBS journalist covering the Arab Spring, was sexually assaulted in Tahrir Square in Cairo, raising concerns about the vulnerability of women frontline journalists. Mining my burgeoning database, I was able to address the gender question, too.

And so it has gone on, for a world that is perpetually in conflict continues to present new and ever more serious threats to the physical and emotional well being of the men and women who keep us informed. For me, this has introduced a parallel stream to my research. The MS work continues, thankfully well-funded, taking advantage of new developments in technology to gain better insights into brain-behavior relationships that can translate into improved patient care. But now, running in parallel (and far less well-funded, unfortunately), is another avenue of inquiry, one that also has great relevance for the times we live in: namely, I am researching how we can ensure that the well being of the journalists who risk their lives to give voice to those dispossessed by war and revolution is not lost sight of. It is work that resonates globally, to judge by the volume of correspondence I receive from journalists, relatives of journalists, news organizations, masters and PhD students, novelists, playwrights, documentary film makers, and actors, all people who are taken with the importance and salience of an issue that will be with us for a long time to come.


feinsteinAnthony Feinstein is a professor of psychiatry at the University of Toronto and a Guggenheim Fellow. He is the author of Journalists Under Fire:  The Psychological Hazards of Covering War.



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Filed under Emotional Health, Health and Medicine, Mental Health