For Mother’s Day, the story of ancient Rome’s Galla Placidia

Guest post by Joyce E. Salisbury

salisburyMother’s Day can often bring many mixed emotions—at least for me. As a daughter, when my mother was alive, I used Mother’s Day to reflect on how I measured up to my mother’s model of integrity (not so much) and made resolutions (usually broken) to call more often. As a mother, I worry about what kind of role model I have been and continue to be, and really, whose turn is it to call? As everyone knows, family relationships are complicated, and celebrations like Mother’s Day remind us of that.

As I was writing Rome’s Christian Empress, I had to think a lot about the relationship between Mothers and children—particularly daughters. The eponymous empress, Galla Placidia, grew up amidst turbulent family politics (typical for Roman ruling families), but she had an image of herself as an empress—not as a princess. What gave her this vision of herself? In part, it was the coins she held. Her family— the Theodosian—struck coins showing some of their women as fully empress. The image below shows the gold solidus of Placidia’s sister-in-law, Eudoxia. The empress is shown with the imperial robes and military cloak worn by the male emperors. The hand of God above her head claims that she rules because God had chosen the House of Theodosius to rule the empire and bring Christianity to power.

Salisbury 1Placidia, too, had the blood of Theodosius in her veins, so she too could rule by the grace of God. And she wanted to be fully empress—military cloak, power, and all. So she spent her life accomplishing this goal. If she had to participate in the killing of her own stepmother to do so, so be it! The lesson of the power of monetary images is not lost on modern advocates of putting a woman on the twenty-dollar bill! Placidia would have approved (and so do I).

Placidia was also a model for her daughter, and here is where we learn that the examples we give are not always the lessons our daughters learn. Placidia’s first attempt at displacing her brother as emperor came when she married a Gothic barbarian, Athaulf. When her daughter Honoria wanted to carve an empire for herself to challenge her own brother Valentinian, she too looked for a powerful barbarian. She sent her ring and proposed marriage to the empire’s greatest enemy, Attila the Hun. Of course, her mother was horrified—a polygamous pagan invader was not the same as a bright Goth in the prime of his life. But, as all mothers know, we don’t get to choose the lessons our daughters learn!

On this Mother’s Day, I offer the tale of this fifth-century ruling Roman family. The cover of my book shows a rare portrait of an ancient family commissioned by Placidia. It shows the Empress herself (in pearls) with her rebellious daughter, Honoria, and her son, the Emperor Valentinian, whose recklessness contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire in the West. Luckily, Placidia died a contented mother, as she wrote, “forever empress,” leaving her son secure on the throne. It was only after her death that things fell apart, so on this Mother’s Day I shall drink a toast to this successful ancient mother/empress.

Joyce E. Salisbury is professor emeritus of history at the University of Wisconsin–Green Bay. She is the author of Rome’s Christian Empress: Galla Placidia Rules at the Twilight of the Empire, Perpetua’s Passion: Death and Memory of a Young Roman Woman, and The Beast Within: Animals in the Middle Ages.

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In 1894, Coxey’s Army knew how to get the attention of Congress (without a gyrocopter)

Guest post by Benjamin Alexander

Apparently Doug Hughes, after writing a letter to each of the 535 members of Congress about the need for more campaign finance reform, didn’t think his missives would get adequate notice if he just dropped them in the nearest mailbox. So, the 61-year-old mailman from Florida set out to deliver them to the Capitol himself—in a gyrocopter. Mr. Hughes may well face some prison time for his breach of Capitol security. It’s a safe bet, though, that every lawmaker in Washington knows that Doug Hughes thinks some campaign finance reform needs to happen.

He’s not the first person to use extraordinary means to get Congress members’ attention. Today, in fact, is the 121st anniversary of another such attempt. The method that Jacob Coxey and Carl Browne employed on May 1, 1894, seems mundane and commonplace now, but it was anything but normal by nineteenth-century sensibilities, and in fact it gave Coxey and Browne far more notoriety in 1894 than Doug Hughes appears to be getting for his stunt.

The Coxeyites set out from the Brightwood Riding Park in Washington on May 1, 1894.

The Coxeyites set out from the Brightwood Riding Park in Washington on May 1, 1894.

It was the second year of the depression of the 1890s, and unemployment was high. Two men—soft-spoken Ohio businessman Jacob Coxey and boisterous, Buffalo Bill-attired California showman Carl Browne—decided in early 1894 to petition Congress for a nationwide road-building program to provide jobs to the unemployed and expand the currency by paying the men with paper money. And, when the conventional methods of lobbying showed no sign of working, the two men devised a novel means of getting their point across: an army of unemployed men would march to Washington and present their plan to the lawmakers on the Capitol steps.

The band known alternately as Coxey’s Army and the Commonweal of Christ set out from Massillon on Easter Sunday, March 25. They walked from town to town, being fed by supportive locals, sleeping in makeshift encampments, and enduring at various times the full range of the natural elements. Aided by state-of-the-art telegraph technology, newspaper readers around the country tracked their progress—first in Ohio, then Pennsylvania, then Maryland—learning the names of several colorful eccentrics, and being entertained by a few flare-ups and reconciliations among them. Readers also followed the adventures of numerous western Coxeyite contingents, including some train heists.

On top of it all, readers knew that, on May 1, there was going to be a showdown at the Capitol over the limits of just how the people could petition the government for a redress of grievances. While the Coxeyites were marching, the Metropolitan Police were drilling, and Army and Marine units were on alert for the occasion. Moreover, officials in the capital had made clear that they had full intention of enforcing the 1882 Capitol Grounds Act prohibiting political processions and the display of political flags and banners on Capitol property—exactly what Coxey and Browne intended to do on the first of May. Secret Service agents were among the marchers, watching for signs of anarchist influence, and in the capital there were rumors of bomb plots.

And the showdown came. Led by Coxey’s 17-year-old daughter Mamie on a white stallion as the Goddess of Peace, about 600 men marched down Fourteenth Street, then along Pennsylvania Avenue toward the Capitol. Thousands of spectators, as well as hundreds of uniformed men of the law, watched the procession all the way along the route. When the Commonweal reached the Capitol grounds, a melee ensued. Some spectators who got too close to the police were hit with billy clubs. Browne, after attempting to elude the police, was wrestled to the ground, pummeled, and arrested, along with a leader from Philadelphia, Christopher Columbus Jones. Coxey, though not arrested that day, was blocked from ascending the Capitol steps to read his speech and was sentenced along with Browne and Jones to a month in jail for violating the Capitol Grounds Act.

While Coxey’s Good Roads bill did not receive serious debate on the floor of Congress, the treatment of the petitioners in boots did. Populist lawmakers were most vocal in their objections to the actions of the police. “[T]he rough hand that was laid upon Mr. Coxey,” Senator William V. Allen of Nebraska declared on the Senate floor, “was laid upon the rights of seventy millions of American citizens.” Allen also questioned whether Coxey was any less worthy of access to the Capitol steps than all the suited men who enjoyed easy entrance to lobby for the moneyed corporate interests. Others disagreed. Senator John Sherman of Coxey’s own state opined that the 1882 law and its application here were fully necessary and proper to protect the institutions of government from being overrun by mobs.

Indeed, Coxey and Browne did not prevail that year. Twenty years later, following a much smaller and less remembered 1914 march of a second “Coxey’s Army,” Coxey was permitted to ascend the steps and speak unhindered. And on May 1, 1944, a decade after the New Deal administration of FDR had indeed put the unemployed to work building roads (among many other types of job), Coxey read his original speech on the Capitol steps, again unmolested by police. Not until 1972, in a case involving an anti-Vietnam War protest, did the Supreme Court rule the 1882 Capitol Grounds Act unconstitutional.

There’s yet another link between the Doug Hughes escapade and the Coxey saga. Carl Browne, Coxey’s second-in-command, had quite a varied career of his own, most of the time as a political activist—a full-blown socialist in his last years—but also as an inventor. He was among the enterprising few at the start of the twentieth century who sought to make the dream of aircraft a reality, and in 1913, the year before his death, he actually patented a contraption called the octoplane. So, while it would be too much to say that Hughes landed on the Capitol grounds with technology that Browne pioneered, Browne was certainly one of the first to try.

Hughes probably won’t be able to convince a court that he had a protected right to fly onto Capitol grounds with his gyrocopter, but he’s certainly part of a tried and true tradition of using creative and unconventional means to get a point across to Congress.

alexanderBenjamin F. Alexander teaches American history at the New York City College of Technology and is the author of Coxey’s Army: Popular Protest in the Gilded Age.





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Meet us in New Haven: American Association for the History of Medicine

If you are heading to the American Association for the History of Medicine’s annual meeting in New Haven, be sure to browse JHU Press books and journals in the exhibit area from April 30 to May 3. Press authors will be stopping by, and we’re offering a special on-site-only 40% discount on six selected new titles throughout the meeting! Other new and recent books will be available at a 30% discount during and after the meeting; use discount code “HEZT” to receive a 30% discount when you order on the JHUP website or call 1-800-537-5487. Find subscription information here for the Bulletin of the History of Medicine; check out AAHM on Twitter; read more about the 2015 AAHM Annual Meeting; follow executive editor Jacqueline C. Wehmueller, who acquires our books in the history of medicine, on Twitter at @EditorJackieW; and follow the JHU Press on Facebook and Twitter. And check out these new and forthcoming publications in the history of medicine from JHUP:

On-site only at the AAHM meeting, purchase these six new books at a special 40% discount:

Intolerant Bodies: A Short History of Autoimmunity, by Warwick Anderson and Ian R. Mackay ($15.00)

More Than Hot: A Short History of Fever, by Christopher Hamlin ($15.00)

Health Care in America: A History, by John C. Burnham ($20.00)

Pathologist of the Mind: Adolf Meyer and the Origins of American Psychiatry, by S. D. Lamb ($25.00)

Generic: The Unbranding of Modern Medicine, by Jeremy A. Greene ($18.00)

The Antibiotic Era: Reform, Resistance, and the Pursuit of a Rational Therapeutics, by Scott H. Podolsky ($20.00)

Other new and recent publications in History of Medicine—order books at a 30% discount:

Bulletin of the History of Medicine, edited by Randall M. Packard and Mary E. Fissell

Doctors Without Borders: Humanitarian Quests, Impossible Dreams of Médecins Sans Frontières, by Renée C. Fox

Broken Hearts: The Tangled History of Cardiac Care, by David S. Jones

A History of Public Health, revised expanded edition, by George Rosen; Foreword by Pascal James Imperato, MD, MPH&TM; Introduction by Elizabeth Fee; Biographical Essay and New Bibliography by Edward T. Morman

Patients and Healers in the High Roman Empire, by Ido Israelowich

Aging Bones: A Short History of Osteoporosis, by Gerald N. Grob

Cold War, Deadly Fevers: Malaria Eradication in Mexico, 1955–1975, by Marcos Cueto

Chronic Disease in the Twentieth Century: A History, by George Weisz

Pain: A Political History, by Keith Wailoo (forthcoming in paperback)

Medicine and Religion: A Historical Introduction, by Gary B. Ferngren

Healing Gotham: New York City’s Public Health Policies for the Twenty-First Century, by Bruce F. Berg

A Chosen Calling: Jews in Science in the Twentieth Century, by Noah J. Efron

Gene Jockeys: Life Science and the Rise of Biotech Enterprise, by Nicolas Rasmussen

Policy Documents and Reports, from the American Association of University Professors

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Happy birthday, Frederick Law Olmsted


Frederick Law Olmsted, c.1890, courtesy of the National Park Service, Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.

Sunday, April 26th, marks the birth date of Frederick Law Olmsted. No short list of the most important and influential Americans of the nineteenth century would omit the name of Frederick Law Olmsted: mid-century agricultural reformer; sharp-eyed observer of slavery and slave society before the Civil War; mainstay of the United States Sanitary Commission; and the nation’s leading landscape architect and park designer—the creator of Central Park in New York City and leading conservator of Yosemite in California. Olmsted’s hundreds of projects preserved the natural world and placed the built environment comfortably aside natural beauty.

Within days of Olmsted’s birthday, Johns Hopkins University Press will publish Frederick Law Olmsted: Plans and Views of Public Parks, edited by Charles E. Beveridge, Lauren Meier, and Irene Mills. This project, in the works for 40 years, highlights Olmsted’s drawings and plans in large format and glorious color. Lavishly illustrated with over 470 images—129 of them in color—this book reveals Olmsted’s design concepts for more than 70 North American public park projects through sketches, studies, lithographs, paintings, photographs, and comprehensive descriptions.

A recent Boston Globe review of Frederick Law Olmsted: Plans and Views of Public Parks called the volume a “visual compendium of Olmsted’s work, taking readers on a visual tour through some of America’s most significant public landscapes.”

“Enlightening and lavishly illustrated . . . Whether your interest is in Olmsted and his work, landscape architecture in general, the development of nature-based recreation, or American history, Frederick Law Olmsted: Plans and Views of Public Parks can provide a substantial expansion and deepening of your thoughts in your area of interest, as well as help connect it to other related (and perhaps even previously unconsidered) areas of study.”—The Well-read Naturalist (Full review may be read here.)

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Also new from Johns Hopkins University Press is The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted: The Last Great Projects, 1890–1895, edited by David Schuyler, Gregory Kaliss, and Jeffrey Schlossberg. This concluding volume of the monumental Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted captures some of Olmsted’s signature achievements, including Biltmore, George W. Vanderbilt’s massive estate near Asheville, North Carolina, and the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Chicago Tribune Architecture Critic Blair Kamin called this final volume “A fascinating new door stop of a book . . . [whose] revealing glimpses into the mind of America’s greatest landscape architect take on fresh relevance.”

We who care about American history benefit greatly from the work of the historians—Charles McLaughlin, Charles E. Beveridge, and many others—who, since the 1960s, have devoted themselves to the selection of Olmsted’s most significant papers, annotating them, and seeing them to publication in The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted.  Here we have, in wonderful combination, first-rate scholarship, distinguished book publishing, and the memorable work of an extraordinary American.

On Tuesday, August 4th at noon, Lauren Meier will speak about Frederick Law Olmsted at 92nd Street Y. For details, please click here.










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On Arbor Day

In honor of Arbor Day, we share two poems from Over the River and Through the Wood: An Anthology of Nineteenth-Century American Children’s Poetry, edited by Karen L. Kilcup and Angela Sorby.



by Lucy Larcom

He who plants a tree,

Plants a hope.
Rootlets up through fibers blindly grope;
Leaves unfold into horizons free.

So man’s life must climb

From the clods of time

Unto heavens sublime.
Canst thou prophesy, thou little tree,
What the glory of thy boughs shall be?

He who plants a tree,—

Plants a joy;
Plants a comfort that will never cloy;
Every day a fresh reality,

Beautiful and strong,

To whose shelter throng

Creatures blithe with song.
If thou couldst but know, thou happy tree,
Of the bliss that shall inhabit thee!

He who plants a tree,—

He plants peace.
Under its green curtains jargons cease.
Leaf and zephyr murmur soothingly;

Shadows soft with sleep

Down tired eyelids creep,

Balm of slumber deep.
Never hast thou dreamed, thou blessèd tree,
Of the benediction thou shalt be.

He who plants a tree,—

He plants youth;
Vigor won for centuries in sooth;
Life of time, that hints eternity!

Boughs their strength uprear;

New shoots, every year

On old growths appear,
Thou shalt teach the ages, sturdy tree,
Youth of soul is immortality.

He who plants a tree,—

He plants love;
Tents of coolness spreading out above
Wayfarers, he may not live to see.

Gifts that grow, are best;

Hands that bless are blest;

Plant! Life does the rest!
Heaven and earth help him who plants

a tree,
And his work its own reward shall be.

Tulp poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera. Photo by R. Noonan

Tulp poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera. Photo by R. Noonan


by Paul Laurence Dunbar

As a quiet little seedling

Lay within its darksome bed,
To itself it fell a-talking,

And this is what it said:

“I am not so very robust,

But I’ll do the best I can;”
And the seedling from that moment

Its work of life began.

So it pushed a little leaflet

Up into the light of day,
To examine the surroundings

And show the rest the way.

The leaflet liked the prospect,

So it called its brother, Stem;
Then two other leaflets heard it,

And quickly followed them.

To be sure, the haste and hurry

Made the seedling sweat and pant;
But almost before it knew it

It found itself a plant.

The sunshine poured upon it,

And the clouds they gave a shower;
And the little plant kept growing

Till it found itself a flower.

Little folks, be like the seedling,

Always do the best you can;
Every child must share life’s labor

Just as well as every man.

And the sun and showers will help you

Through the lonesome, struggling

Till you raise to light and beauty

Virtue’s fair, unfading flowers


Karen L. Kilcup is a professor of American literature at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Her books include Teaching Nineteenth-Century American Poetry and Fallen Forests: Emotion, Embodiment, and Ethics in American Women’s Environmental Writing, 1781–1924. Angela Sorby is an associate professor at Marquette University in Milwaukee. Her books include Schoolroom Poets: Childhood, Performance, and the Place of American Poetry, 1865–1917, and three poetry collections, most recently The Sleeve Waves.

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‘American Quarterly’ moves to Hawai’i

After more than a decade at the University of Southern California, the editorial offices of the journal American Quarterly recently found a new home at the University of Hawai’i. The transition began almost a year ago, and was recently completed as the editorial teams at USC and Hawai’i worked together on several issues. The journal will remain at its new home for a 10-year term. New editor Mari Yoshihara joined us for a Q&A to talk about the transition and what readers can expect from the new editorial team. 

Mari Yoshihara

Now that the transition is complete to your editorial team in Hawai’i, what stood out as the most challenging aspect of the process?

Because of the many submissions that were already under review when we officially began our editorial work on July 1, 2014, the actual transition took several months to complete. Our editorial team implemented a somewhat different review process than the one that had been used by the previous team. We worked through the logistics of handling essays submitted both before and after the transition date. After several months, all the essays submitted before the transition had moved through the pipeline, and we now work completely with our new review process. A lot of hard work went into maintaining the integrity of the review process during this time.

How gratifying was it to have collaboration between your team and the Southern California editorial group during the transition?

Members of the USC editorial team, especially my predecessor Sarah Banet-Weiser and previous Managing Editor Nic Ramos, were extremely generous in showing us the ropes of the editorial process. I spoke with Sarah both in person and on the phone, and Nic flew in to Honolulu for a couple of weeks to train our new editorial staff. They have also been very gracious in answering our many questions after the official transition.

Compared to many other scholarly journals, American Quarterly is unique in the heavy involvement of the entire editorial board in the review and editorial process. This not only adds to the rigor of the review process—the author gets feedback from over a dozen scholars in addition to the external reviewers before his/her essay is accepted—but also makes the editorial work a truly collaborative intellectual endeavor. We are honored to inherit this tradition of American Quarterly established by our predecessors and learn a great deal ourselves from the process.

AQ coverWhat symbolism is there in basing an American studies journal in the 50th state?

When American Quarterly moved to California a decade ago—the first time that the journal was located on the West Coast—it marked an important moment in the history of the field. The journal’s relocation to Hawai’i further pushes the boundaries of American studies. Precisely because of our geographic location outside of the continental United States, with rich histories of Native Hawaiian communities as well as the history of colonization, illegal annexation, contested statehood, militarization, and tourist-oriented development, our Hawai’i-based editorial team brings perspectives and voices of critical importance to understanding “America.” Being in the Pacific, we also have different perspectives on the “Pacific Rim,” “Pacific Century,” and other narratives of trans/cross-Pacific movements that are dominant in political, economic, as well as academic discourses. We believe that our lived experiences on the island in the middle of the Pacific and our expertise, vision, and standpoint shaped by it bring a critical edge to the field by resituating and reframing “America” even more rigorously than has been done in the last few decades.

In your recent Editor’s Note, you talk about the great diversity of your team. How does that affect a journal focused on American studies?

While American studies has taken a so-called transnational turn in the last few decades, most of the scholarly work read in the United States had been produced by U.S.-based scholars. We wanted to incorporate the field’s transnational turn in the actual practice of knowledge production by making scholars outside the United States integral members of the editorial team. Thus, in addition to scholars based at the University of Hawai’i, our editorial team includes scholars in and from South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, and a number of them, including myself, were raised and educated outside of the United States and speak, read, and write in languages other than English while all maintaining active scholarly lives in U.S. academe. This team thus brings understanding of both the United States as well as issues such as migration, transnationalism, globalization, hybridity, and displacement in ways that are simultaneously grounded in the particular and also pushing the traditional boundaries.

Our team is also diverse in terms of areas of expertise and disciplinary and methodological orientations. Having scholars with specializations ranging from religion and law to Indigenous studies and digital humanities, we are well situated to review scholarship in all areas of American studies, both traditional and emergent, and to undertake exciting new projects of interest to the field at large.

What are some of the short-term plans you have for American Quarterly?

The first special issue under our editorship, “Pacific Currents,” will be released in September 2015. Under the guest editorship of Paul Lyons and Ty Kawika Tengan, this special issue presents a very different look at the currents—of people, ideas, cultures, capital—in and around the Pacific from the dominant narratives that often equate the Pacific with Asia and ignore the islands inside the Pacific Rim. We believe this is an important and bold intervention we make to the field.

We are also undertaking several other new projects that reflect our vision for the field. We have just created a new section of the journal, Digital Contents Review, co-edited by Stephen Berry and Scott Nesbit. As digital contents and methodology will clearly grow in importance to American studies, we believe it is important to have a venue for critical assessment of such materials. This section is designed as a site for scholarly review of digital archives, databases, websites, and other digitally-based materials of relevance to American studies.

To further advance transnational scholarship, we have also decided to begin reviewing books written in languages other than English. There is a great deal of high quality scholarship produced outside of the United States in languages other than English, much of which never reach U.S. readers. To be sure, the actual number of American Quarterly readers who will be able to read the foreign-language books being reviewed will be small; nonetheless, we believe it is important for AQ readers to be exposed to the kinds of work being produced outside the United States. The Book Review Editors, Matthew Basso and Laura Briggs, are enthusiastically accepting proposals for reviews of books in all languages.

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Angelina and medical decisions surrounding hereditary cancer risk

Guest post by Sue Friedman

Kudos to Angelina Jolie Pitt for sharing personal information about her increased risk for breast and ovarian cancers due to an inherited BRCA gene mutation. Once again, by bravely writing about her choice to have prophylactic surgeries—a risk-reducing mastectomy two years ago, and her recent decision to remove her ovaries—she has greatly increased awareness of hereditary cancer, making words like “mutation” and “mastectomy” more familiar.

Some reports suggest that Jolie Pitt’s wealth and celebrity status provide access to information and resources that are unavailable to most other people. But her struggle to sort through the confusion of inherited cancer risk and make difficult health decisions is shared by thousands of other men and women who are also at high risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer because of a BRCA mutation. Fortunately, Johns Hopkins University Press offers a clear, powerful, and comforting resource for anyone who faces these confusing issues and choices. Confronting Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer explains the challenges of living with BRCA-related risks and outlines the implications of available options. It helps readers understand the choices involved with identifying and reducing their risk and allows them to make informed medical decisions about their options, including many that concerned Jolie Pitt. The book covers the following issues, among others:

  • Genetic testing for BRCA and other cancer-causing genes: Genetic testing isn’t appropriate for everyone, and test results can have different implications for family members.
  • Mastectomy with or without breast reconstruction: Prophylactic mastectomy reduces the risk of breast cancer. Many women who choose this surgery also opt to have their breasts surgically recreated. Another Johns Hopkins publication, The Breast Reconstruction Guidebook, helps readers understand what to expect from different types of mastectomy and options for breast reconstruction.
  • Risk-reducing oophorectomy and hysterectomy: Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) has been shown to extend the lives of women who have a BRCA mutation. Confronting Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer describes the pros and cons of this procedure and the implications of combining it with hysterectomy.
  • Hormone replacement: Preventive hysterectomy in premenopausal women causes the onset of menopause. Should women in this position take hormones? If so, what type and for how long? Are they safe? Confronting Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer tackles these questions and more.
  • Fertility: Removing the ovaries reduces risk but also ends fertility, creating a very difficult situation for many women who learn that they have a mutation while still in their childbearing years.

You don’t have to be a celebrity to have access to credible information about hereditary cancer, genetic testing, and risk-management options.

Confronting Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer is the official guidebook of Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE), the only nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the lives of those who have inherited cancer risk. All three of the book’s coauthors will speak at FORCE’s 9th annual conference on June 18–20, 2015 in Philadelphia, PA.

FriedmanSue Friedman, DVM, is the founder and executive director of Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered. Her numerous articles on hereditary cancer have appeared in Oncology Times, CURE, Gene Watch, the Boston Globe, and elsewhere. Rebecca Sutphen, MD, is a nationally recognized clinical and research expert in hereditary cancer, a professor of genetics at the University of South Florida, and the chief medical officer of Informed Medical Decisions. Kathy Steligo is a freelance writer specializing in business and health topics and the author of The Breast Reconstruction Guidebook.



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